7 Minute Read By Shaun Mills
Whilst there are a lot of different resin pouring techniques that are limited only by your imagination, here I have outlined a few of the basic principles and techniques used around the world. I would strongly recommend you experiment with variants of these basic principles to create your own masterpiece. Many, if not all artists use a combination of principles and techniques in each artwork, so it really is something that you can play around with and create a style and look that is as unique as you are.
- Clean Pour: The most basic of all techniques used, with a clean pour you are pouring a single color. And whilst the finished product may end up with a variety of different colors each of these are applied using a clean cup for each individual color.
A Clean Pour of Silver
- Dirty Pour: This is a technique in which you make up individual colors in different cups, exactly the same as above, but then you pour multiple color cups into 1 large cup (layering colors and being gentle not to mix the colors too much). You then squeeze the top of your large cup into a spout and pour slowly. A natural swirl containing all your color layers will follow. A ‘dirty pour’
Silver and black ‘Dirty Pour’
- Swipe Technique: For the swipe technique you need to first coat the entire surface with a layer of wet resin as a base. Then apply a line of white resin (usually mixed with silicone to create ‘cells’) to only 1 side of the piece. Now use a sheet of cling film or paper holding only the end, drag the just touching sheet across the white resin side first then all the way across the artwork. This will drag a small even amount of the white across the base resin color. If silicone was used the white will now naturally open up creating ‘cells’, and even more with a little heat at this point. **This is only 1 basic way to do the swipe technique and there are a lot of variables and variants that can be done using this basic principle.
A Version of the Swipe Technique
- Flip Cup: Exactly as the name suggests for this one you layer multiple colors into one big cup, the same as a dirty pour. Then flip the cup upside down onto the artwork to let it flow naturally out or just simply lift the cup up slightly to allow colors to flow out. This variant is similar to and leads into ‘5) the bottomless cup’
- Bottomless/ Open Cup: cut the base out of the cup and place it upside down onto the surface (empty). Then pour your colors, slowly and layered into the opening where the base of the cup once was. As enough resin begins to fill, the cup will rise slightly and begin to float on the surface of resin wanting to escape from underneath this will create a natural fluid swirl as the colors escape.
- Pendulum Method: the pendulum is one of the most recognizable pieces of equipment in my studio. People often comment on knowing what it is, and yet everyone is interested in watching it work. Put simply it is a cup attached at 3 points around the top to a long piece of string or cord. The cup also has a hole in the bottom with tape over it. Fill the pendulum cup with as many or as few colors as you wish and then with it hanging from the string, and centered over the artwork pull it back off the edge of the piece, remove the tape allowing a stream of resin to flow continuously from the base hole and let it go. The weight of the resin in the cup produces a swinging action on the long string suspending it. With each pass over the artwork a new line of color is applied and due to gravity, it will always be eccentric circles.
- Dutch Pour/ Blow Pour: The Dutch pour or Blow pour is a technique that uses air to manipulate the resin on a canvas. You can use your heat gun, a hair dryer, straw and lungs (although this is the most likely to introduce contaminants to the resin as condensation from your breath will begin to drip out of the straw onto the work), or anything that blows air to move or ‘blow’ the colors around the canvas.
The White is done using the Dutch Pour
As you can see these are only a few of the basic principles to get you started. See my other blog ‘How To Do Resin Art’ for more information on how to get started and what is involved to create your very own artwork masterpiece.